Numerous causative factors have been identified that play a role in MS, including exposure to bacteria. Mycobacteria, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, and other bacteria have been proposed as risk factors for MS with different mechanisms of action.
Can mycoplasma cause MS?
Pathogens associated with the development or exacerbation of MS include bacteria, such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae, the Staphylococcus aureus-produced enterotoxins that function as superantigens, viruses of the herpes virus (Epstein-Barr virus and human herpesvirus 6) and human endogenous …
Can Chlamydia cause neurological problems?
Meningoencephalitis and other neurological complications have also been described in patients with infections due to Chlamydia psittaci and Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydial infections should be included in the differential diagnosis of neurological syndromes, including cerebellar dysfunction.
Does MS increase risk of infection?
– Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are at increased risk for most types of infection, with the highest risk associated with renal tract infections, according to an analysis of Department of Defense data.
How is chronic Chlamydia pneumonia treated?
Illness caused by Chlamydia pneumoniae is usually self-limiting and patients may not seek care. Clinicians can treat the disease on a case-by-case basis with: Macrolides (azithromycin) — first-line therapy. Tetracyclines (tetracycline and doxycycline)
What organism causes multiple sclerosis?
What bacteria causes multiple sclerosis?
Pathogens associated with development or exacerbation of MS include bacteria, such as Chlamydia pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus-produced enterotoxins that function as superantigens, and viruses of the Herpesviridae (Epstein-Barr virus and human herpes virus 6) and human endogenous retrovirus families.
Do people with multiple sclerosis get sick more often?
You’re more likely to catch a cold or flu virus if you have MS, especially if you take certain medicines that curb your immune system — your body’s defense against germs.
What are symptoms of Chlamydia pneumoniae?
Signs and Symptoms
Runny or stuffy nose.
Fatigue (feeling tired)
Hoarseness or loss of voice.
Slowly worsening cough that can last for weeks or months.
What are the long term effects of chlamydia?
For women, the long-term effects of an untreated chlamydia infection may include:
Severe infection with pain and fever requiring a hospital stay.
Pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the upper reproductive tract.
Scarring in the reproductive tract that causes infertility.