Phormium tenax is a tall, perennial plant spreading by stout horizontal stems (rhizomes). Leaves are crowded in two opposite fan-like rows and are stiff and erect at the base and flexuous or pendulous in upper portions. Leaves have a strong midvein and numerous smaller minor veins strengthened by tough fibre bundles.
What is Phormium tenax used for?
Phormium tenax had many uses in traditional Māori society. It was the main material used for weaving, adopted after aute (paper mulberry), the traditional tree used to create fabric in Polynesia, did not thrive in New Zealand’s climate.
Is Phormium tenax invasive?
2007b)). In Hawaii the species forms dense thickets in gullies in mesic areas below 300 meters above sea level (Smith, Alien Plants of Hawaii web site, in PIER 2006). Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2021) Species profile: Phormium tenax.
Is Phormium tenax Hardy?
The original New Zealand Flax (Botanical Name is Phormium Tenax) is a tough, clump-forming grass that is frost-hardy and grows happily in the UK. Perfect for Coastal Areas.
What is the common name for Phormium Tenax?
New Zealand flax
Phormium tenax, commonly called New Zealand flax, is native to New Zealand. It is an evergreen, clump-forming tender perennial that grown for its attractive foliage.
Does Phormium grow in shade?
Architectural plant grown for its sword like leaves and colourful foliage. Phormiums are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions and can grow happily in part shade. Many cultivars are now available and most are tolerant of part shade.
Can you eat Phormium tenax seeds?
The seeds are highly edible. When white or green they are sweet and meaty. When black and shiny they are bitter. The sweet ones are nice on their own or sprinkled on a salad.
How do you care for Phormium Tenax?
Water pot-grown phormiums regularly to keep the soil evenly moist but take care not to over-water. Feed each spring with a controlled release fertilizer, and pot on into a larger container if the roots are congested. Keep phormiums looking smart by removing dead leaves and flower stems two or three times a year.
Which Phormium is the hardiest?
Phormium tenax ‘Atropurpureum’ The most commonly seen New Zealand Flax in our climate and arguably one of the most hardy to cold. Deep maroon/purple evergreen foliage in a large clump to 5′ x 5′ ultimately in a hot position and full sun in rich, well drained soil.
What can I plant next to Phormium?
Phormium on the prairie Use a combination of ornamental grasses and colourful perennials to create maximum impact in larger spaces – or even in borders. A mixture of tall and short grasses, umbellifers, daisies and flowers of both globe and spire shapes will give you the best results.
Will Phormium grow in full shade?
How to plant Phormium. They are generally greedy plants and will grow at a significant rate if they are well fed. They are happy to be positioned in an exposed area and are an ideal introduction to a coastal garden. They are tolerant to both full sun and part shade.
What are the different colors of Phormium tenax?
Phormium tenax, or New Zealand flax, is a simple, yet visually appealing, and easy to care for plant. It comes in a variety of species that range in colors from solid green to red and even pink and burgundy. A lot of species even feature multiple colors. The colors of the spikey foliage create a dramatic look.
Why is Phormium tenax called New Zealand flax?
Phormium tenax is a clump-forming, tender perennial. It got the New Zealand Flax moniker because the Maoris of New Zealand used to cultivate the plant to make a form of linen cloth that was quite similar to flax. They also used it to make baskets and ropes.
Where can I find p.tenax in Australia?
On mainland Australia, P. tenax is regarded as an environmental weed in Tasmania and Victoria, and as a potential environmental weed in other parts of southern Australia ( Csurhes and Edwards, 1988; Weeds of Australia, 2016 ).
How do you know when to water a Phormium plant?
To determine when to water the plant, insert a finger a few inches into the soil; if it feels dry, it’s time to water. Do note, however, that when watering, you should avoid drenching the plant.