In Nepal, a nation of 28 million people, 1.6 million children between the ages of five and 17 are forced to work – or 21 percent of all children in the country. As many as 60,000 of them work in brick kilns, according to Global Fairness Initiative, a Washington-based international development organization.
What is the percentage of child Labour in Nepal?
The Nepal Child Labour Report-2021, jointly released by the Central Bureau of Statistics and International Labour Organisation Nepal, has revealed that out of the seven million children aged between five and 17 in the country, 1.1 million or 15.3 per cent are engaged in child labour.
What are the causes of child Labour in Nepal?
Poverty. Poverty is a major cause of child labour in Nepal and is often coupled with lack of education according to a study by Ersado (2005). Poverty is a driver of child labour because the costs of schooling is very high and the immediate economic benefit of child labour is enticing according to Stash (2001).
Who is child Labour in India?
India’s Census 2001 office, defines child labour as participation of a child less than 17 years of age in any economically productive activity with or without compensation, wages or profit. Such participation could be physical or mental or both.
How can we help stop child Labour?
How can we stop child labor in India?
More stringent laws and effective implementation.
Sending more children to school.
Discouraging people to employ children in homes, shops, factories, etc.
Supporting NGOs like Save the Children.
What is child right in Nepal?
The Act recognizes the rights of child to identity; non-discrimination; non-exploitation; protection; education and development; and juvenile justice to upbringing, development and protection of the child. Following the ratification of the Convention of the Rights of the Child Nepal has enacted the Children’s Act 1992.
Is child labor legal in Nepal?
Nepal’s underage workers Though child labor is illegal in Nepal, an estimated 1.6 million children between the ages of five and 17 years are in the work force, according to the National Child Labor Report. About three-quarters of them are under the age of 14, and most are girls.
How many children are involved in forced labor in Nepal?
According to the Nepal Labor Force Survey published by the government, there are an estimated 31,338 victims of forced labor in Nepal, of which 17 percent are under age 15. Approximately 286,000 children were involved in work for pay, although the report noted that not all working children are in child labor.
How many children work in a brick factory?
Child workers are involved in three employment statuses: work on a contract, full-time and daily, or part-time or on weekend only (figure 4). Child workers working on contract usually work longer hours than children of the other statuses. However, most children work full-time in brick factories (93 children).
What kind of work do children do in Nepal?
However, children in Nepal engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also perform dangerous tasks in the production of bricks. The Department of Labor’s budget, the number of labor inspectors, and available resources…
What are the dangers of working in a brick factory?
One concern is that work undertaken by children in brick-making factories is by nature heavy and dangerous, coupled with long working hours, school interference, and low payment. Thus, its far- reaching effect on child development, especially on schooling and health, is devastating.