In steatocystoma multiplex, the tendency to develop cysts is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, so one parent can be expected to also have steatocystoma multiplex. It may also occur sporadically. Both males and females may be affected….
What causes Steatocystoma multiplex?
Steatocystoma multiplex can be caused by mutations in the KRT17 gene. This gene provides instructions for making a protein called keratin 17, which is produced in the nails, the hair follicles, and the skin on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. It is also found in the skin’s sebaceous glands.
Is Steatocystoma multiplex painful?
They frequently occur on the trunk of the body, upper arms, legs, and face; however, they can develop on other parts of the body as well. The cysts are typically filled with a yellowish to white, oily fluid, and occasionally have hair within them. The cysts can become infected and may cause pain and scarring.
What is the medicine for Steatocystoma?
Steatocystoma suppurativa The classic treatment is with the tetracycline class of antibiotics. Isotretinoin therapy has been effective in some patients; however, in others, it has caused the condition to flare. Recurrence following isotretinoin treatment has been reported.
How do you get rid of Steatocystoma multiplex?
What is the treatment for steatocystoma multiplex?
Individual cysts can be removed surgically.
Cysts can also be removed by laser, electrosurgery or cryotherapy.
Inflammation can be reduced with oral antibiotics.
Oral isotretinoin is not curative but may temporarily shrink the cysts and reduce inflammation.
What kind of cyst is steatocystoma multiplex?
Steatocystoma multiplex is a skin disorder characterized by the development of multiple noncancerous (benign) cysts known as steatocystomas. These growths begin in the skin’s sebaceous glands, which normally produce an oily substance called sebum that lubricates the skin and hair.
Can a person with steatocystoma multiplex have palmoplanta congenita?
Pachyonychia congenita is also associated with more severe nail abnormalities and a painful skin condition called palmoplantar keratoderma, which are not usually found in people with steatocystoma multiplex. In some cases, people with steatocystoma multiplex do not have an identified mutation in the KRT17 gene.
What causes steatocystoma multiplex on the hands?
Steatocystoma multiplex can be caused by mutations in the KRT17 gene. This gene provides instructions for making a protein called keratin 17, which is produced in the nails, the hair follicles, and the skin on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
What happens to keratin 17 in steatocystoma multiplex?
Keratin 17 partners with a similar protein called keratin 6b to form networks that provide strength and resilience to the skin, nails, and other tissues. The KRT17 gene mutations that cause steatocystoma multiplex alter the structure of keratin 17, preventing it from forming strong, stable networks within cells.