Finger Millet, also known as Ragi is an important millet grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa. Its scientific name is Eleusine coracana. It ranks sixth in production after wheat, rice, maize, sorghum and bajra in India.
What does finger millet look like?
Finger millet grain is essentially spherical in shape, about 1–2 mm diameter with an average 1000 kernel weight of 2.5 g. The grain can range from white to brown in color (Plate 6.1). Finger millet is unique in its grain characteristics as it is a utricle instead of a true caryopsis like other cereals.
What type of seed is millet?
Millet is a classed as grain sorghum and is a popular ingredient in birdseed. Millet can be planted in any soil that can produce corn.
Which crop is finger millet?
Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, also known as ragi in India, kodo in Nepal, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia. It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana.
Why is it called finger millet?
Finger Millet: An Economically Important Nutraceutical Crop. The generic name Eleusine is derived from the Greek goddess of cereals, “Eleusine” while the common name finger millet indicates “finger-like” branching of the panicle. As such, it may be one of the oldest indigenous domesticated tropical cereals in Africa.
What are the benefits of finger millet?
The vitamins, minerals, and fiber found in finger millet can provide important health benefits. The potassium found in finger millet can help keep your kidneys and heart functioning properly. Potassium also helps your nerves transmit signals, which allows your brain and your muscles to work together smoothly.
Can we eat finger millet daily?
For those who are health conscious and are wary about what they eat, experts suggest that millets should be a part of their daily regular diet. Millets are nutritious, non-glutinous (non-sticky) and are not acid-forming foods, thus making them very easy to digest.
What is the use of finger millet?
Finger millet has been used across Africa and Southeast Asia for thousands of years. It’s used to make bread, beer, and cereal. Today, finger millet can be found in health food stores and large supermarkets throughout the US, and it’s widely used as an alternative to wheat or other grains.
What is millet seed for?
Millets (/ˈmɪlɪts/) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world.
Is millet easy to grow?
Millet is a fast-growing late-season crop, is easily adaptable in the kitchen and outstrips many more common grains as a nutritional powerhouse.
Does finger millet cause gas?
Constipation – Those who have constipation problems, should avoid regular intake of ragi as it takes more time to get digested. Diarrhoea – For people who have sensitive reactions to foods, need to take care when consuming ragi as it can cause diarrhoea and stomach gas in certain individuals.
What kind of food is finger millet used for?
Finger millet is a cereal grown mainly in drier regions of Africa and Asia. Seeds are used to make flour which can be used to make bread, porridge or pancakes. In some regions finger millet is used for human consumption as a staple food. Seeds are also used as animal feed.
How tall does a finger millet plant grow?
Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. Finger millet usually is between 40 and 100 cm high. Finger millet is often grown intercropped with other plants such as peanut, cowpea, pigeon pea and Niger seeds.
Where are finger millet monocrops most commonly found?
Finger millet monocrops grown under rainfed conditions are most common in drier areas of Eastern Africa. In addition, intercropping with legumes, such as cowpea or pigeon pea, are also quite common in East Africa.
Which is higher in protein pearl millet or maize?
However, its protein content (7-10%) is often slightly lower than that of maize grain and its fibre content is higher (crude fibre 4-9% DM). It is also much less rich in protein than pearl millet ( Pennisetum glaucum ), which is a common potential replacement for maize in areas where the three crops are available.