Popular articles What are the monomers of each organic macromolecule?

What are the monomers of each organic macromolecule?

What are the monomers of each organic macromolecule?

The monomers of these organic groups are:

  • Carbohydrates – monosaccharides.
  • Lipids – glycerol and fatty acids.
  • Nucleic acids – nucleotides.
  • Proteins – amino acids.

What are the 4 macromolecules What are their monomers?

Comparing the Biological Macromolecules

Macromolecule Basic Formula, key features Monomer
Proteins CHON −NH2 + −COOH +R group Amino acids
Lipids C:H:O Greater than 2:1 H:O (carboxyl group) Fatty acid and glycerol
Carbohydrates C:H:O 1:2:1 Monosaccharides
Nucleic Acids CHONP pentose, nitrogenous base, phosphate Nucleotides

What are the 4 main types of organic macromolecules what elements are found in each organic macromolecule?

There are four classes of macromolecules (polysaccharides or carbohydrates, triglycerides or lipids, polypeptides or proteins, and nucleic acids such as DNA & RNA). Carbohydrates and lipids are made of only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (CHO). Proteins are made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (CHON).

What are the monomers and polymers of each macromolecule?

Examples of biological monomers and polymers:

Polymers Monomers
Polysaccharides Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
Polypeptides and proteins Amino-acids
Nucleic acids Nucleotides

What are the 4 major macromolecules and their functions?

Nucleic acids: Stores and transfers info.

  • Carbohydrates; Store energy, provide fuel, and build structure in body, main source of energy, structure of plant cell wall.
  • Lipid: Insulator and stores fat and energy.
  • Protein: Provide structural support,transport, enzymes, movement, defense.
  • What are two things all organic molecules have in common?

    1 Answer

    • 1 . They all contain carbon.
    • 2 . Most of them are flammable.
    • 3 . They are all soluble in non-polar solvents.
    • 4 . They are most, if not all, are covalently bonded molecules.

    How do you identify macromolecules?

    Macromolecules are made of many building blocks, called monomers.They are large molecules that are created by the polymerization of smaller molecules. A macromolecule is constructed in exactly the same way. The word macromolecule means very big molecule. As you know, a molecule is a substance that is made up of more than one atom.

    What are the four types of biological macromolecules?

    Biological macromolecules fall into four categories: carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. Your body uses carbohydrates, lipids and proteins for energy.

    What is the polymer of a macromolecule?

    What is a Polymer. A polymer is a type of macromolecule that is composed of a large number of repeating units. These repeating units represent monomers from which the polymer is made. Monomers are small molecules. These monomers have either double bonds or at least two functional groups per molecule.

    What are biological macromolecules?

    Biological macromolecules are large and complex Macromolecules are made up of basic molecular units. They include the proteins (polymers of amino acids), nucleic acids (polymers of nucleotides), carbohydrates (polymers of sugars) and lipids (with a variety of modular constituents).