The Voyages of Christopher Columbus opened the New World. Italian navigator and explorer Giovanni Caboto (known in English as John Cabot) is credited with the discovery of continental North America on June 24, 1497, under the commission of Henry VII of England.
Who explored the northeastern part of North America?
Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635) was a French explorer and navigator who mapped much of northeastern North America and started a settlement in Quebec. Champlain also discovered the lake later named for him (1609) and was important in establishing and administering the French colonies in the New World.
What passage did the explorers look for in North America?
The Northwest Passage
The Northwest Passage is a sea corridor connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans through Canada’s Arctic Archipelago islands and along the northern-most coast of North America. Europeans searched for 300 years to find a viable sea trade-route to Asia.
Which things did the Explorers in the 1500 look for and find?
European leaders like Spain’s King Ferdinand and the Portuguese prince known as Henry the Navigator financed explorers who wanted to travel across the seas. Along with the idea of looking for new trade routes, they also hoped to find new sources of gold, silver, and other valuables.
Who were the first explorers in North America?
The first Europeans to land on the mainland of North America were the Viking explorer Leif Eriksson and his party.
Does the Northwest Passage exist?
The Northwest Passage spans roughly 900 miles from the North Atlantic north of Canada’s Baffin Island in the east to the Beaufort Sea north of the U.S. state of Alaska in the west. It’s located entirely within the Arctic Circle, less than 1,200 miles from the North [JR1] .
Why did European explorers come to America?
They wanted to spread Christianity. They also hoped to gain new lands and wealth for their countries. Finally, you read about the valuable cargo of New World plants that explorers brought back to Europe.
Who are the explorers and conquistadors of Mexico?
Explorers and Conquistadors of Mexico 1 CABEZA DE VACA, ALVAR NUNEZ. Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca [Cabeza de Vaca means “head of a cow”] (1490?-1557?) was a Spanish explorer who sailed to North America from Spain, 2 DE VACA, ALVAR NUNEZ CABEZA. 3 VACA, ALVAR NUNEZ CABEZA DE.
Who was the first person to explore North America?
Pierre François-Xavier de Charlevoix (Oct. 29, 1682 – Feb. 1, 1761) was a French Jesuit priest, explorer, and writer. His writings are some of the earliest written accounts of North America. For more information on Charlevoix, click here.
Who are some famous explorers from the 1800’s?
Baron Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) was a Prussian naturalist and explorer who explored much of Central and South America. Humboldt and his friend, the French botanist Aime Bonpland, explored the coast of Venezuela, the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers, and much of Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Mexico (1799-1805).
How did Afonso de Albuquerque become an explorer?
Afonso de Albuquerque (14??-1515) was a Portuguese soldier and explorer who sailed to the Spice Islands (the Moluccas, a group of Islands in Indonesia) in 1507-1511, trying to monopolize trade with this area; from Europe, he sailed around Africa to the Indian Ocean. He was appointed the Viceroy of India by King Emmanuel in 1509.