Vitiligo occurs when pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) die or stop producing melanin — the pigment that gives your skin, hair and eyes color. The involved patches of skin become lighter or white.
What melanocytes disorders are there?
Congenital Hyperpigmentation Disorders.
Acquired Hyperpigmentation Disorders.
Congenital Hypopigmentation Disorders.
Acquired Hypopigmentation Disorders.
Mixed Hyper-/Hypopigmentation Disorders.
Vitiligo as a Representative of an Acquired Hypopigmented Disorder.
What melanocytes function?
Melanocytes are cells of neural crest origin. In the human epidermis, they form a close association with keratinocytes via their dendrites. Melanocytes are well known for their role in skin pigmentation, and their ability to produce and distribute melanin has been studied extensively.
How do you calm down melanocytes?
According to a 2012 study in Phytotherapy Research , the active compound in turmeric may reduce melanin synthesis.
Aloe vera may reduce melanin production after sun exposure.
People also use lemon juice to reduce skin pigmentation.
Green tea has a compound called epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG).
How can I restore my melanocytes?
However, anecdotal evidence suggests vitamin C might increase melanin levels. Eating vitamin C–rich foods like citrus, berries, and leafy green vegetables may optimize melanin production. Taking a vitamin C supplement may help as well.
Does vitamin A increase melanin?
Vitamin A. Studies suggest vitamin A is important to melanin production and is essential to having healthy skin. You get vitamin A from the food you eat, especially vegetables that contain beta carotene, such as carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, and peas.
Where does the development of melanocyte take place?
Embryonic development of the melanocyte initiates with cell fate specification in the neural crest, which is then followed by cell migration and niche localization. Many genes involved in melanocyte development have also been implicated in the development of melanoma, an aggressive and fatal form of skin cancer that originates in the melanocyte.
How big are the melanocytes in the skin?
Function. Although their size can vary, melanocytes are typically 7 μm in length. The difference in skin color between lightly and darkly pigmented individuals is due not to the number (quantity) of melanocytes in their skin, but to the melanocytes’ level of activity (quantity and relative amounts of eumelanin and pheomelanin ).
What is the ratio of melanocytes to keratinocytes?
The ratio of melanocytes to keratinocytes is 1: 10 in the epidermal basal layer ( Figure 1 ). This balance is maintained through the human live but the exact mechanism is unknown [ 13 ]. About 1200 melanocytes exist per mm 2 of the skin independently of the human race [ 14 ].
Is the dermis a reservoir of melanocytes?
However, there is growing evidence that the dermis is also a reservoir of melanocytes [64, 77, 81]. Majority of the progress on melanocyte development has been made in murine models, little progress has been made on the identification of melanocyte-producing stem cells in human skin.