In early 1883, Reynolds performed his classic experiment on fluid flow, investigating different flow rates of water by squirting a jet of dyed water into water flowing through a large glass pipe. This was the transition point between what is now known as laminar (smooth) flow and turbulent (disorderly) flow.

How do you perform a Reynolds experiment?

Test Procedure of Reynolds experiment is as follows:

Fill the tank with water and leave it for some time as the water in the tank should come to rest.

Now fill the reservoir with a dye (generally potassium permanganate solution) which is nothing but colored fluid.

Record the temperature of water.

How do you find Reynolds number in an experiment?

The Reynolds number (Re) of a flowing fluid is calculated by multiplying the fluid velocity by the internal pipe diameter (to obtain the inertia force of the fluid) and then dividing the result by the kinematic viscosity (viscous force per unit length).

What unit is Reynolds number?

R is the Reynolds number, which is unitless. ρ is the fluid density in kilograms-per-cubic-meter (kg/m3) v is the velocity in meters-per-second (m/s) D is the diameter of the pipe in meters (m)

What is a normal Reynolds number?

Whenever the Reynolds number is less than about 2,000, flow in a pipe is generally laminar, whereas, at values greater than 2,000, flow is usually turbulent. …

What is Reynolds number and how it is used?

The Reynolds number is a dimensionless number which is used to differentiate between the turbulent and laminar flow of a pattern and predict how it will flow in different fluid situations.

What is Reynolds number example?

Reynolds Numbers In simple words, it is the measure of how difficult it would be to change the velocity of a flowing fluid. On the other hand, the viscous force is the force that deals with the friction of the flowing fluid. For example, pouring a cup of tea vs. pouring cooking oil.

What is the objective of the Reynolds number experiment?

Aim The objective is to determine: 1. The flow type (laminar, transitional, or turbulent) of fluid inside a pipe line. 2. At which condition each type of flow can occur. Theory In the 19th century, the “Reynolds Number” was given to “Osborne Reynolds”, in which performed an experiment that illustrate two different types of flow.

How does the Reynolds number affect the flow?

As Re increases, the inertial force becomes relatively larger, and the flow destabilizes and becomes fully turbulent. The Reynolds experiment determines the critical Reynolds number for pipe flow at which laminar flow ( Re<2000 ) becomes transitional ( 2000<4000 ) and the transitional flow becomes turbulent ( Re>4000 ).

Why did Osborne Reynolds invent the Reynolds number?

Theory In the 19th century, the “Reynolds Number” was given to “Osborne Reynolds”, in which performed an experiment that illustrate two different types of flow. He used to inject a thin stream of colored fluid into a long water flowing glass tube.

Who are the members of the Reynolds experiment?

1. Soran University Faculty of Engineering Department of Petroleum Engineering Fluid Mechanic Title: Reynolds Experiment Experiment No.: 4 Name: Muhammad Sulaimon Rasul Group: B2 Date: 22 OCT 2019 Supervisors: Ms Marriam, Mr. Shahab, Mr. Sarkar 2.