What is the negative logarithm of a hydrogen ion concentration in a solution?

What is the negative logarithm of a hydrogen ion concentration in a solution?

pH
The pH is defined as the negative log10 of the hydrogen ion concentration expressed in mol/L. A negative logarithmic scale is used because the numbers are all less than 1, and vary over a wide range.

What is the negative log of the hydroxide ion concentration?

pOH
The pOH of a solution is the negative logarithm of the hydroxide-ion concentration. Calculations involving pOH are described.

What is the negative logarithm of hydrogen hydronium ion concentration?

pH. pH is defined as the negative logarithm of hydrogen ion concentration in the solution Eq. (10). The acidic nature of the solution increases as the pH of the solution decreases and vice versa.

What is equal to a negative log of H+ concentration in?

The pH may range from 0 to 14, where 0 is most acid, 14 most basic, and 7 is neutral. Mathematically, the pH is the logarithm (to the base 10) of the reciprocal of the hydrogen ion concentration, [H+]. The pH is approximately equal to the negative logarithm of the H+ ion concentration expressed in molarity.

What is pH =- log H+?

pH = −log [H+] , where [H+] denotes the molar hydrogen ion concentration. Because pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration, it is used to quantitatively characterize solutions as acidic, neutral, or basic (alkaline). The typical pH scale runs from 0 – 14.

What is the pH of hydronium ion concentration?

To calculate the pH of an aqueous solution you need to know the concentration of the hydronium ion in moles per liter (molarity). The pH is then calculated using the expression: pH = – log [H3O+].

What is the concentration of hydrogen ion?

: the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution expressed usually in moles per liter or in pH units and used as a measure of the acidity of the solution indicator dyes for narrow ranges of hydrogen-ion concentration.

What is the pH of a 0.02 M solution of HCl?

Since HCl is a strong acid it completely dissociates. Therefore all the H+ protonates water molecules to give H3O+. Its concentration here is high enough to ignore H3O+ contribution from water so the pH is just -log(0.02) = 1.7.

What is the pH of 0.3 m HCl?

8.87
Thus, the pH of a solution containing 50.0 mL of 0.3 M HCl and 50.0 mL of 0.4 M NH3 is 8.87. Thus, the correct option is (C) 8.87.

What is the logarithm of the hydrogen ion?

The logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration in a solution, with the sign changed from positive to negative, is called the pH.

How is the POH of a solution expressed?

The pOH Concept. As with the hydrogen-ion concentration, the concentration of the hydroxide ion can be expressed logarithmically by the pOH. The pOH of a solution is the negative logarithm of the hydroxide-ion concentration. pOH = -log [OH – ]

How is the hydronium ion concentration of HCl determined?

The HCl is a strong acid and is 100% ionized in water. The hydronium ion concentration is 0.0025 M. Thus: The hydronium ion concentration can be found from the pH by the reverse of the mathematical operation employed to find the pH.

How to calculate the pH of a HCl solution?

pH, pOH, pK a, and pK b. The pH is then calculated using the expression: pH = – log [H 3 O + ]. Example: Find the pH of a 0.0025 M HCl solution. The HCl is a strong acid and is 100% ionized in water. The hydronium ion concentration is 0.0025 M. Thus: