RESERVOIR: Pigs, horses, bears, and game animals are most important reservoirs for Trichinella spp. leading to its transmission to humans(2,3). Synanthropic animals (e.g. rats) may also act as reservoirs for Trichinella spp. (1).
How do you get trichinosis parasite?
Trichinellosis, also called trichinosis, is caused by eating raw or undercooked meat of animals infected with the larvae of a species of worm called Trichinella.
Do trichinosis cysts go away?
Trichinosis usually isn’t serious and often gets better on its own, usually within a few months. However, fatigue, mild pain, weakness and diarrhea may linger for months or years.
Can trichinosis be killed by freezing?
Use a meat thermometer to ensure that the meat is thoroughly cooked. Freeze pork. Freezing pork that is less than six inches thick for three weeks will kill parasites. However, trichinella parasites in wild-animal meat are not killed by freezing, even over a long period.
Is trichinosis a virus or bacteria?
Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by a microscopic parasite called Trichinella. People can get this disease by eating raw or undercooked meat from animals infected with the parasite. Often these infected meats come from wild game, such as bear, or pork products.
How big are trichinosis worms?
Trichinella spiralis is the smallest known nematode parasite of humans. The males measure about 1.4 mm to 1.6 mm in length and the females are twice the size of the males.
How long can a person have trichinosis?
These symptoms can last from 5 to 45 days, but they usually begin to appear 10 to 14 days after consuming the infected meat. Milder cases of trichinosis are often mistaken for the flu or other common illnesses. In extreme cases, trichinosis may result in death.
How long does trichinosis last?
The following classic symptoms of trichinellosis often occur within 2 weeks after eating contaminated meat, and can last up to 8 weeks: Muscle pain. Fever. Swelling of the face, particularly the eyes.
What antibiotics treat trichinosis?
Antibiotics. Trichomoniasis is usually treated quickly and easily with antibiotics. Most people are prescribed an antibiotic called metronidazole which is very effective if taken correctly. You’ll usually have to take metronidazole twice a day, for 5 to 7 days.
What kind of medication do you take for trichinosis?
Your doctor may prescribe medications depending on your symptoms and the severity of infection. Anti-parasitic medication. Anti-parasitic medication is the first line of treatment for trichinosis.
How long does it take for trichinosis to go away?
Trichinosis usually isn’t serious and often gets better on its own, usually within a few months. However, fatigue, mild pain, weakness and diarrhea may linger for months or years. Your doctor may prescribe medications depending on your symptoms and the severity of infection.
What do you need to know about trichinosis infection?
Trichinosis infection definition and facts. Trichinosis is caused by eating raw or undercooked pork and wild game infected with the larvae of a parasitic worm. The contaminated meat is infected with the larvae of a worm called Trichinella spiralis.
Can you get trichinosis from eating wild pigs?
Humans may be infected by eating the meat of infected domestic pigs or occasionally the meat of wild bears, wild pigs or other animals such as horses. A number of wild animals including raccoons, opossums, skunks, foxes and rodents are known to be infected and serve as a reservoir of the disease.