Who composed the Tamil epic Manimekalai?
What is the meaning of Manimekalai?
Maṇimēkalai (Tamil: மணிமேகலை, lit. ‘jewelled belt, girdle of gems’), also spelled Manimekhalai or Manimekalai, is a Tamil epic composed by Kulavāṇikaṉ Seethalai Sataṉar probably around the 6th century.
Who was the author of Manimekalai written during the Sangam age?
The two epics Silappathikaram is written by Elango Adigal and Manimegalai by Sittalai Sattanar.
How many epics are there in Tamil?
Five Great Epics
Tamil people The Five Great Epics (Tamil: ஐம்பெரும்காப்பியங்கள் Aimperumkāppiyaṅkaḷ) are five Tamil epics according to later Tamil literary tradition. They are Silappatikāram, Manimekalai, Cīvaka Cintāmaṇi, Valayapathi and Kuṇṭalakēci.
Which is known as Tamil Iliad?
The Silappathikaram is an ancient literary Jain masterpiece. It is to the Tamil culture what the Iliad is to the Greek culture, states R. Parthasarathy. It blends the themes, mythologies and theological values found in the Jain, Buddhist and Hindu religious traditions.
Who wrote Tolkappiyam?
Tolkappiyar (epithet), the author of Tolkappiyam, which is the oldest extant Tamil grammar, is believed by various traditions to be one of the twelve disciples of Agattiyar. Tolkappiyar is believed to have lived during the Second Sangam and to be the author of the Tolkappiyam that has survived.
Who is known as the father of Tamil literature?
Notes: As per Tamil sources, the father of Tamil literature is ‘Agastaya’.
What are the five epics of Tamil literature?
The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature are five large narrative Tamil epics according to later Tamil literary tradition. They are Cilappatikāram, Manimekalai, Cīvaka Cintāmaṇi, Valayapathi and Kuṇṭalakēci. The first mention of the Aimperumkappiyam occurs in Mayilainathar’s commentary of Nannūl.
Is Kannagi real?
Kannagi or Kannaki Amman is eulogized as the epitome of chastity and is worshiped as a goddess in select regions. She is worshiped as goddess Pattini in Sri Lanka by the Sinhalese Buddhists, Kannaki Amman by the Sri Lankan Tamil Hindus and as Kodungallur Bhagavathy & Aatukal Devi in the South Indian state of Kerala.
Where was Tolkappiyam found?
The literary theory of Tolkappiyam, according to Peter Scharf, borrows from Sanskrit literary theory texts. Epigraphical studies, such as those by Mahadevan, show that ancient Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions found in South India and dated to between 3rd century BCE and 4th century CE had three different grammatical form.
Who is the author of the poem Manimekalai?
Manimekalai is a Thamizh (Tamil) poem written by a great tamil poet Chithalai Chathanar in ancient Tamil kingdom time. It is one of The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature according to later Tamil literary tradition. Manimekalai is a poem in 30 cantos.
Why is the Manimekalai important to Tamil culture?
Along with its twin-epic Silappadikaram, the Manimekalai is widely considered as an important text that provides insights into the life, culture and society of the Tamil regions (India and Sri Lanka) in the early centuries of the common era.
Who are the main characters in the Manimekalai?
The Manimekalai builds on the characters of the oldest Tamil epic Silappatikaram ( Tamil: சிலப்பதிகாரம் ). It describes the story of Manimekalai, the beautiful daughter of Kovalan and Madhavi, in 30 cantos. The Manimekalai is the anti-thesis of the Silappadikaram in focus, style and the propaganda in the two epics.
Who is the actress in the movie Manimekalai?
Manimekalai is a Tamil film starring T. R. Mahalingam and P. Bhanumathi. The film was released in the year 1959. Manimekalai ( P. Bhanumathi ), the daughter of Madhavi (Sandhya) and Kovalan, grows up to a beautiful woman.