Fought near the western frontier of Egypt between 23 October and 4 November 1942, El Alamein was the climax and turning point of the North African campaign of World War Two (1939-45). The Axis army of Italy and Germany suffered a decisive defeat by the British Eighth Army.
What happened in the First Battle of El Alamein?
The First Battle of El Alamein was fought July 1-27, 1942, during World War II (1939-1945). Commencing attacks on July 1, Axis forces proved unable to break through Eighth Army. Subsequent British counterattacks failed to dislodge the enemy and by late July a stalemate ensued.
Where was the first battle of Alamein?
First Battle of El Alamein/Location
Let us know. Battles of El-Alamein, (1–27 July 1942, 23 October—11 November 1942), World War II events. After the First Battle of El-Alamein, Egypt (150 miles west of Cairo), ended in a stalemate, the second one was decisive.
When did the First Battle of El Alamein start?
July 1, 1942 – July 27, 1942
First Battle of El Alamein/Periods
On July 1, 1942, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is brought to a standstill in the battle for control of North Africa. The First Battle of El Alamein begins. In June, the British had succeeded in driving Rommel into a defensive position in Libya.
How long did the First Battle of El Alamein last?
On 16 July, the Australians—supported by British tanks—launched an attack to try to take Point 24 but were forced back by German counter-attacks, suffering nearly fifty percent casualties. After seven days of fierce fighting, the battle in the north for Tel el Eisa salient petered out.
Where was the First Battle of El Alamein fought?
The First Battle of El Alamein was fought July 1-27, 1942, during World War II(1939-1945). Having been badly defeated by Axis forces at Gazala in June 1942, the British Eighth Army retreated east into Egypt and assumed a defensive position near El Alamein.
Why did the Allies not fight Rommel in El Alamein?
Auchinleck decided to avoid such a battle due to tank shortages after the Gazala defeat. Without sufficient armour, he felt, they would be unable to prevent Rommel punching through the centre of the British line or, more likely, outflanking the Eighth Army to the south as he had at Gazala.
What kind of artillery was used at El Alamein?
Gunners of 2/8th Australian Field Regiment firing a 25-pounder during the July battle. Artillery was used at El Alamein on a massive scale, supporting the infantry when they went forward, and protecting them when they were counterattacked. A Crusader tank of the Australian 9th Division Cavalry Regiment.
Where was Afrika Korps in the Battle of El Alamein?
Rommel’s Afrika Korps was now in Egypt, in El Alamein, only 60 miles west of the British naval base in Alexandria. The Axis powers smelled blood.