The first element is present, considering that the property of the debtor was mortgaged in favor of the creditor to secure the former’s indebtedness. The transfer of property that was made upon default by the debtor makes it in the nature of a pactum commissorium, hence, null and void.
Is pactum Commissorium allowed in PPSA?
Dear PAO, An automatic appropriation by your wife’s friend of the thing pledged in the event of non-payment of the principal obligation within the stipulated period is contrary to our law. …
What is Pacto Commissorium?
> Automatic appropriation by the creditor of the thing pledged or mortgaged upon the failure of the debtor to pay the principal obligation.
What are the requisites for pactum Commissorium to exist?
The elements for pactum commissorium to exist are as follows, to wit: (a) that there should be a pledge or mortgage wherein property is pledged or mortgaged by way of security for the payment of the principal obligation; and (b) that there should be a stipulation for an automatic appropriation by the creditor of the …
Is pactum Commissorium legal?
Article 2088 of the Civil Code of the Philippines prohibits pactum commissorium and provides that “[t]he creditor cannot appropriate the things given by way of pledge or mortgage, or dispose of them.
What is the effect of pactum Commissorium?
The pactum commissorium, that is, the additional stipulation to a contract of loan, whereby the thing pledged shall become the property of the creditor in the event of the non-payment of the debt within the term fixed, is void.
Is pactum a Commissorium?
Pactum commissorium provision, also known as contract for pactum commissorium, mortgage property appropriation provision or fluidity contract, refers to the agreement between the mortgagee and the mortgagor that the mortgagee has the right to directly obtain the ownership of the mortgaged property when the debtor fails …
Is Pactum Commissorium legal?
What is the concept of Pactum Reservati Dominii?
Contrary stipulation or Pactum reservati dominii (contractual reservation of title) – a stipulation, usually in sales by installment, whereby, despite delivery of the property sold, ownership remains with the seller until full payment of the price is made.
Is pactum Commissorium a void?
You can still get your property because the stipulation in your contract for the automatic appropriation of the property to your friend upon your failure to pay the loan is a pactum commissorium, which is null and void by law.